Diet & Nutrition Information Center Archive

Greater Walking Frequency, Duration May Reduce Risk for Low Back Pain

Regular and prolonged walking was found to be associated with a reduced the risk for low back pain in Koreans age >50.

Holiday Weight Gain Reduced Through Informational Intervention

An informational intervention — including weight management and regular self-weighing — can help curb weight gain during the holiday season.

Health Experts Review 41 Diets, Rank Best Overall for 2019

An expert panel assessed 41 diets to come up with their final results, examining the evidence behind each diet's claims, the short-term and long-term weight loss associated with the diet, how easy the diet is to follow, how well each diet conforms to current nutrition standards, and its effect on diabetes and cardiovascular disease prevention.

Study Finds Cottonseed Oil Better Than Olive Oil at Improving Cholesterol Profiles, Triglyceride Levels

A diet rich in cottonseed oil was found to improve cholesterol and triglyceride levels in healthy men.

Home Remedies, Spices Associated With Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Children

Spices, herbal remedies, and ceremonial powders may contain lead and contribute to elevated blood lead levels among exposed children.

Food Deprivation During Fetal Development Linked to Early Menopause, Premature Ovarian Failure

Women born during the Chinese famine period may be at increased risk for early natural menopause and premature ovarian failure.

Mediterranean Diet, Physical Activity Effective for Weight Loss, Decreased Cardiovascular Events

A 12-month intensive lifestyle intervention including an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet, increased physical activity, and behavioral support for overweight/obese patients was found to be beneficial in decreasing adiposity and cardiovascular events.

Healthy Diet Associated With Reduced Menopausal Symptoms

A diet high in fruits, vegetables, nuts, and legumes was found to be associated with a lower risk for physical, mental, and genitourinary symptoms of menopause compared with a diet high in fats, meats, desserts, and salts.

Lifestyle Intervention Program Reduces Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome Risk

A 12-month interdisciplinary lifestyle intervention program for prediabetic and obese patients was found to significantly reduce the risk for development of diabetes and metabolic syndrome.

Guidelines for Physical Activity in America

The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans provides recommendations for physical activity that have the potential to reduce the risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, dementia, and several cancers.

Women Fed Soy Formula as Infants More Likely to Experience Menstrual Pain

Researchers at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), Vanderbilt University Medical Center, and the Henry Ford Health System analyzed patient data from African-American women aged 23 to 35 years (N=1553) who were participating in the NIEHS Study of Environment, Lifestyle, and Fibroids (SELF).

Poor Diet, Physical Activity Behaviors May Lead to Metabolic Syndrome in Depression

Investigators examine the association between depression and metabolic syndrome, factoring in diet and physical activity.

Exposure to Ready-to-Eat Food Outlets Associated With Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Access to ready-to-eat outlets that sell food for instant consumption is associated with greater risk for type 2 diabetes.

BLA for Novel Peanut Allergy Treatment Submitted to FDA

Viaskin Peanut, an epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT), delivers small amounts of peanut protein through a wearable patch to induce desensitization.

Organic Food Consumption and Cancer Risk: What's the Link?

To investigate the link between organic food consumption and cancer risk, study authors conducted a population-based prospective cohort study among French adults.

Nutrition Tips for Clinicians: Staying Healthy During Busy Days

Between the double shifts and stressful days, keeping energy up and eating right can seem like an insurmountable challenge.

Exercise After Overnight Fasting Stabilizes Glucose Levels in Type 1 Diabetes

The effect of high-intensity interval training with a bout of moderate-intensity continuous training on glucose levels was examined in T1D.

Vegan Diet Associated With Weight Loss and Reduced Insulin Resistance

Investigators examine the effect of a low-fat, plant-based diet on insulin resistance and body composition.

Microscopic Colitis Risk Not Linked to Dietary Gluten in Women Without Celiac Disease

The consumption of dietary gluten was not associated with microscopic colitis risk in patients without celiac disease.

Change in Dietary Patterns Over 5 Years in Early Multiple Sclerosis

Researchers analyze the dietary habits of 260 patients in the early stages of multiple sclerosis from baseline to 5 years after initial onset of symptoms.

FDA Amends Food Additive Regulations to No Longer Allow Use of 7 Substances

The petition was submitted by a number of non-profit organizations including the Center for Science in the Public Interest and the Breast Cancer Fund.

Ketogenic Diet May Benefit Ovarian, Endometrial Cancer Patients

Women with ovarian or endometrial cancer who adhere to a ketogenic diet may benefit from a selective loss of fat mass and a reduction in fasting serum insulin, while still retaining lean mass.

PUFAs Inversely Associated With Asthma in Preschool Children

Total omega-3 and omega-6 plasma polyunsaturated fatty acids relative abundances were significantly inversely correlated with asthma/recurrent wheeze and allergic sensitization.

Effect of Folic Acid Supplementation on Pre-Eclampsia Prevention in High-Risk Patients

High-dose folic acid supplementation beyond the first trimester does not prevent pre-eclampsia in high-risk women.

Physical Activity as a Lifestyle Factor Influencing Early Menopause

Researchers concluded that physical activity was not associated with risk for early menopause.

Increased Dairy Consumption Linked to Reduced CVD, Mortality Risk in Low-, Middle-Income Countries

The consumption of whole-fat dairy products may reduce cardiovascular disease and mortality risk, contrary to current dietary guidelines that advise limited consumption of fat-free or low-fat dairy products.

Effect of Mediterranean Diet Plus Vitamin D3 on Bone Density in Osteoporosis

Investigators examined the effect of consuming a Mediterranean-style diet for 1 year on inflammatory response and bone health in the elderly.

Wellness Vacations Prioritize a Healthy Lifestyle During Travel

Wellness travel comes in many forms: from coastal bike rides to weeklong workout programs with celebrity trainers.

Interrelationship Between Celiac Disease, Self-Reported Wheat Sensitivity, and Functional GI Disorders

Individuals with clinically diagnosed celiac disease are at greater risk for chronic gastrointestinal symptoms, possibly fitting modified Rome criteria for irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia.

Fidaxomicin Effective for Long-Term Cure of Clostridium difficile

Fidaxomicin demonstrated the strongest evidence for being the most effective treatment in providing a long-term cure for C difficile infection.

Moderate Alcohol Consumption Linked to Increased Disease Progression for Women With RA

Moderate consumption of alcohol is associated with increased radiological progression in women with early RA.

Nutraceuticals Containing Equol May Be Effective for Postmenopausal Symptoms

Equol-containing nutraceuticals may be beneficial for postmenopausal women with vaginal symptoms.

Get Your Sweat On: Top Fitness Trends of 2018

The American College of Sports Medicine's (ACSM) annual survey reveals people are going back to basics to get fit in 2018.

Electrical Device Helps Reduce Daily Salt Intake, Improve Blood Pressure

Using a simple self-monitoring device may help reduce salt intake and systolic blood pressure.

Increased Water Consumption Does Not Enhance Kidney Function in Chronic Kidney Disease

Trained water consumption increase does not significantly reduce the decline of kidney function in individuals with chronic kidney disease.

Preterm Infant Vitamin D Level Affects Calcium and Bone Health

Vitamin D levels in preterm infants are significantly correlated with optimal calcium homeostasis and bone mineralization of the femur.

Dark Chocolate Linked to Enhanced Visual Acuity

Compared with milk chocolate, dark chocolate was associated with improved low, high-contrast sensitivity and visual acuity in short durations.

Vitamin D Insufficiency Associated With Insulin Resistance Independent of Obesity in Children

Further clinical trials are needed to explore the potential beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation, via fortified foods and/or dietary supplements, on insulin resistance, and possibly on weight management.

Combining Spinal Manipulation and Exercise for Low Back Pain in Adolescents

A combination of self-care education, aerobic and strength-training exercise, and spinal manipulation therapy may provide greater pain relief and improved treatment satisfaction compared with exercise only in adolescents with low back pain.

USPSTF Issues Recommendation for Vitamin D, Calcium Supplementation for Fracture Prevention

The USPSTF has released recommendations for vitamin D and calcium supplementation for the primary prevention of fractures in community-dwelling adults.

Tai Chi May Be Therapeutic Option for Fibromyalgia

Tai chi interventions may be more effective at treating fibromyalgia than aerobic exercise.

Maternal Probiotic, Fish Oil Intake Linked to Offspring Immune Development

Maternal diet may be correlated with certain autoimmune-associated diseases in offspring.

Physical fitness in adolescence impacts adult lung performance

Involvement in aerobic fitness activities helps adolescents and children increase lung volume as adults but does not improve airway caliber.

High vitamin D concentration associated with lower cancer risk

A higher concentration of plasma vitamin D is correlated with a decreased risk of total cancer.

Low-fat vs low-carbohydrate diets for weight loss

Is there a significant difference between low-fat and low-carbohydrate diets on weight loss?

Pediatric obesity rate may decrease with special nutrition programs

Severe obesity may decline in children enrolled in specialized diet programs.

High fitness level associated with lower waist circumference, independent of BMI

The investigators studied the association between abdominal fat, inflammation, and fitness by measuring body weight, dimensions, and blood samples.

Takeout meal consumption linked to adverse health risks in children

The increased rate of takeout meal consumption was correlated with higher total fat intake and lower intake of vitamin C, iron, and calcium.

Low caffeine level may be biomarker for Parkinson disease

Caffeine and its 3 downstream metabolites may be helpful as a biomarker for Parkinson disease.

Maternal folic acid, multivitamin use linked to reduced autism risk

Use of folic acid or multivitamins during pregnancy is associated with a significantly reduced risk of ASD in offspring.

CDC investigating E. coli outbreak in 13 states

An outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 have been reported in 13 states in the US as well as Canada.

Green leafy vegetable consumption linked to slower cognitive decline

Intake of primary nutrients and bioactives in green leafy vegetables is associated with slower cognitive decline.

Higher education may help reduce Alzheimer's disease risk

Attaining higher education may aid in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease.

Body mass index and dementia risk: Is there a connection?

Higher BMI is associated with increased dementia risk when weight was measured more than 20 years before dementia diagnosis, but this association is reversed when BMI was assessed less than 10 years before dementia diagnosis.

Drinking 3 to 4 cups of coffee per day linked to potential health benefits

Meta-analyses suggest that drinking 3-4 cups of coffee a day has more associated health benefits than risks.

FDA tips for holiday food health, safety

The FDA has published recommendations to prevent foodborne illnesses during the holiday season.

Low-fat diets may reduce all-cause mortality risk in obese patients

Weight-loss diets low in fat and saturated fat consumption, with or without added exercise, may reduce the risk for all-cause mortality in obese adults.

Exercise with interval therapy reduces fall risk

Exercise and various combinations of interventions were associated with lower risk of injurious falls compared with usual care.

Short-term probiotics linked to lower fat percentage in overweight, obese patients

The meta-analysis showed that short-term probiotic supplementation reduced body weight, BMI, and fat percentage, but the effect sizes were small.

Herbal, dietary supplements commonly mislabeled

Mislabeling of herbal and dietary supplements is common, occurring in more than half of products tested.

Cognitive behavioral group therapy ineffective for weight maintenance in type 2 diabetes

CBGT did not prevent overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes from regaining weight lost during weight loss programs.

Regular, leisure exercise may reduce incidence of depression

A correlation was found between undertaking regular leisure-time exercise and reduced incidence of future depression but not anxiety.

Gastric bypass surgery effective for weight loss, diabetes prevention for 12 years

The 12-year results show that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass offered long-term durability of weight loss and was associated with fewer obesity-related coexisting conditions compared with those who did not have the surgery.

Coffee consumption associated with reduced liver cancer risk, no link to biliary tract cancer

No significant association was observed between coffee consumption and risk of biliary tract cancer, but there was evidence of an inverse correlation between coffee consumption and liver cancer risk.

Mediterranean diet, antioxidant supplements beneficial for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

A Mediterranean diet with antioxidant supplementation contributes to improving lipid profile and insulin sensitivity parameters in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Sugar consumption linked to increased risk of mood disorders

Research reveals an adverse effect of sugar intake from sweet foods and beverages on long-term psychological health.

CVD prevention: New USPSTF guidelines for lifestyle counseling

The USPSTF updated their 2012 recommendations on behavior lifestyle counseling for preventing cardiovascular disease.

Alcohol screening and brief intervention: A practice manual for clinicians

The AAFP has created an alcohol screening practice manual to help family physicians prevent alcohol misuse.

Coffee consumption associated with lower mortality risk

Coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality for men and women, specifically in African Americans, Japanese Americans, Latinos, and whites.

Frequent coffee and herbal tea consumption linked to lower liver stiffness

The Rotterdam Study found that frequent coffee and herbal tea consumption is associated with lower liver stiffness in the general population.

High-dose vitamin D supplement use increasing, poses risk of adverse effects

Although research has emphasized the possible benefits of vitamin D, high dosages pose potential risks.

DASH diet associated with lower risk of gout

The DASH diet could offer a dietary strategy that may help prevent gout and its comorbidities in high-risk patients with hyperuricemia.

One alcoholic drink per day may increase breast cancer risk

Drinking the equivalent of a small glass of wine or beer a day increases pre-menopausal breast cancer risk by 5% and post-menopausal breast cancer risk by 9%.

FODMAP diet effective for irritable bowel syndrome

Implementation of the FODMAP diet is an effective strategy to manage symptoms of IBS, including bloating and abdominal pain.

Nearly half of all cardiometabolic deaths linked to poor diet

Suboptimal intake of 10 specific dietary factors is associated with a substantial proportion of deaths due to heart disease, stroke, or type 2 diabetes.

CDC: Two-thirds of US youth consume at least one sugar-sweetened beverage per day

Overall, US youth consumed an average 143 kcal from sugar-sweetened beverages, with boys consuming a higher percentage of calories than girls.

FDA and EPA release final recommendations for fish consumption in pregnant women

For adults, the recommended serving size of fish is 4 ounces, while servings for children should be smaller based on their age and calorie intake.

"Weekend warrior" activity reduces all-cause mortality risk

Individuals who perform their physical activity in 1 or 2 sessions during the week can still reduce their risk of mortality.

Oily fish consumption may lower diabetic retinopathy risk in type 2 diabetes

A target intake of at least 500 mg/d is recommended to combat sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy.

Exercise during pregnancy does not increase preterm birth risk

Women who participated in an aerobic exercise program 3 to 4 times per week during their pregnancies were not likely to give birth prematurely.

Whole grain consumption reduces chronic disease, all-cause mortality

Reductions in disease risk were observed for an intake as high as 7.5 servings of whole grains per day.

Consuming fiber from bread, cereal, fruits may improve aging process

Consuming dietary fiber from bread, cereal, and fruit may increase the likelihood of successful aging over 10 years.

Fruit consumption linked to lower breast cancer risk

Fruit intake in adolescence may be associated with decreased breast cancer rates in adulthood.

Stroke risk reduced with DASH diet

Researchers found a statistically significant link between modified DASH diet score and risk of ischemic stroke.

Healthy diet reduces hypertension risk after gestational diabetes

Women who had gestational diabetes may be able to reduce their risk of developing hypertension by eating a healthy diet.

Greater gluten intake before age 2 may increase risk of celiac disease

High gluten intake during the first 2 years of life was associated with an increased risk of celiac disease during childhood.

Body fat percentage, physical fitness are better predictors of mortality and diabetes risk than BMI

High body weight percentage may increase mortality, and poor physical fitness in youth can increase diabetes risk later in life.

Updated dietary guidelines focus on healthy eating patterns, disease prevention

HHS and USDA have released the latest edition of dietary guidelines for Americans that focus on healthy eating patterns and preventing chronic diseases.

Pumpkin provides year-round health benefits

As the pumpkin takes center stage this holiday season, read about the many benefits that the super fruit can provide year round.

Low-fat diets do not increase long-term weight loss

Compared with other dietary interventions, low-fat diets are not more effective for long-term weight loss.

Processed meats cause colorectal cancer in humans, according to WHO

A report from WHO found that processed meat causes colorectal cancer, and red meat is positively associated with several cancers.

Southern-style diet linked 
to risk for heart disease

A Southern diet included added fats, fried food, and processed meats raises the risk for acute coronary heart disease.

Trans fats are linked to death and heart disease

Compared with saturated fats, consuming trans fats results in high mortality rates from all causes and from heart disease.

Older adults with healthy lifestyle have lower heart failure risk

Older adults who exercise, drink moderately, don't smoke, and have a healthy weight have a lower risk of heart failure.


During exercise, people should drink when they are thirsty to prevent hyponatremia.

Mediterranean diet improves cognitive function in adults with CVD risk

Mediterranean diet is associated with improved cognitive function in older adults with high 
cardiovascular risk.

Mediterranean diet and cognition

Adhering to a Mediterranean diet may help fight against cognitive decline in older adults.

Exercise and healthy birth weight

Exercising regularly during pregnancy may be associated with lower birth weight.

Addressing added sugar in kids' diets

Educating parents on the importance of healthy diet, and how to read nutrition labels, can help reduce the high intake of added sugars in kids' diets.

Nurse practitioners important health, wellness role models

Evidence-based interventions needed to create wellness cultures and encourage healthy behavior change in NPs.

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