Diet and Nutrition Information Center Feature Archive
As new research indicates that long-term use of artificial sweeteners may increase body mass index, a literature search was performed to assess the effect of artificially sweetened beverages on weight gain in the pediatric population.
As healthy levels of folic acid, iodine, magnesium, vitamin D, and iron demonstrate improved outcomes in pregnancy, understanding of the function of these essential nutrients on health would benefit family practitioners caring for women of childbearing age.
Relatively modest changes in population levels of exercise may have important public mental health beneﬁts and prevent a substantial number of new cases of depression.
Effective use of research-based interventions and recommendations for overweight and obese children begin with initiating a conversation with the family.
Exercise may not only prevent cancer from developing, but it may also reduce the risk of death after cancer is diagnosed.
Inulin is a collective term for a large group of complex, natural carbohydrates.
Patients should be encouraged to incorporate daily exercise into their treatment regimen.
Slippery elm may be beneficial for patients with GI complaints.
Developing personalized nutrition goals with a registered dietitian can be effective in managing non-insulin-dependent diabetes.
Virgin coconut oil may be beneficial for lipid levels and the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Omega-3 fatty acids have structural and anti-inflammatory roles in the human body.
A derivative of cysteine, taurine plays multiple roles in the body, including stabilizing membranes, signaling calcium, and regulating cardiac and skeletal muscle function.
After taking a spinning exercise class, a woman developed acute kidney injury.
Metabolic syndrome can be managed using changes in diet and exercise.
Adequate fiber intake is critical for maintaining good health, but only 5% of Americans consume the recommended daily amount.
A gluten-free diet alleviated a patient's fatigue, brain fog, bloating, and constipation.
The Grain Foods Foundation explores popular carbohydrate-related myths and assumptions patients with diabetes have likely encountered.
Patients who ate a diet of processed and fried foods, organ meats, and sweetened beverages had a 50% heightened risk of death.
Patients who ate nuts regularly had reduced diabetes, fatal and nonfatal ischemic heart disease.
Multiple studies show that just about any low-meat or no-meat diet reduces almost all controllable risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
Optimal nutrition in early childhood supports growth and development and can encourage lifelong healthy eating habits.
Researchers found that a regular, balanced, and moderate physical activity program reduced the risk of major mobility disability by 18%.
Anyone who decides to eliminate gluten from his or her diet should first consult a dietitian for guidance.
Leisure-time physical activity has previously been shown to have a positive impact on health.
Chia seed compounds represent a healthy and tasty way to boost beneficial fatty acids and fiber.
Research on the relationship between footwear and injury rates is limited. A switch to a minimalist shoe or barefoot running should be done gradually.
Where is the best place to look up information on vitamins and supplements for children?
Cow's milk protein allergy is relatively common during the first year of life. Unfortunately, the condition is easily missed or mislabeled.
Numerous trials support the efficacy of lutein supplementation in the reduction or prevention of AMD, as well as other age-related conditions such as cataracts.
Does evidence support red wine for menstrual cramp prevention?
Does fruit juice carry the same diabetes risk as other sugar-sweetened beverages?
Detecting deep vein thrombosis early can aid prevention efforts.
Supplements such as raspberry ketones may enhance weight loss, but should be combined with a healthy diet and daily exercise.
When used as a part of one's daily fat intake, red palm oil, which is rich in carotenoids and vitamin E, may help prevent various illnesses.
Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation does not reduce mortality or cardiovascular events in patients with or at high risk for diabetes.
How precisely must one follow the manufacturer's directions with regard to the amount of powder and water used in preparing infant formula?
Omega-3 supplements can help constipation in postmenopausal women taking calcium and vitamin D supplements.
Would it be beneficial to give suprapharmacologic doses of vitamin D3 in cases of severe psoriasis?
Many patients take vitamins that are more than 100% the recommended daily allowance. When do they begin to pose risks to kidney function?
Vitamin D promotes absorption of calcium in the intestine and maintains adequate serum phosphate and calcium concentrations.
Conversations about weight loss can contribute tremendously to behavioral changes, but tangible examples may be even more effective.
Could a vegetarian diet be contributing to an older woman's alopecia?
Could positive thyroid peroxidase adversely affect a mother's milk supply?
An approach involving primary-care clinicians, and specialists — including allergists, gastroenterologists, nutritionists and counselors — is crucial.
Patients often consider supplements and herbs harmless, but combining them with other drugs can have devastating consequences.
Oral manifestations are often an early signal of systemic disease, so recognizing them can point the way to a prompt diagnosis.
Are there other treatment options for eating disorders after therapy, acupuncture, nutrition counseling and in-patient hospital stays have failed?
The addition of a pedometer-based physical activity intervention to a smoking cessation program increased quit rates in teenagers, particularly in boys.
While niacin is well known for preventing pellagra, it is only in the past 15 to 20 years that other medicinal uses for this common vitamin have emerged.
A growing body of evidence has linked the tart cherry to substantial anti-inflammatory benefits, including reduced arthritic and gout pain, and several cardiac benefits.
Can vitamin D deficiency play a role in post-fracture pain?
Saffron contains more than 50% of the USDA's recommended daily allowance of vitamin C, iron and magnesium, and more than 30 % of the recommended daily phosphorus and potassium.
A corrections officer came into the primary care office for a routine physical and left with an unexpected diagnosis.
Is there any relationship between calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate disease (pseudogout) and vitamin D deficiency?
What are the differential diagnoses for a woman aged 60 years with a metallic taste in her mouth and the sensation of a burning tongue?
Should clinicians routinely check vitamin D levels in Hispanic patients as they do in others?
Rose hips are a mild, pleasant supplement that are safe for routine use. Providers may recommend this product as adjunctive therapy for a wide range of conditions or as a routine preventive regimen.
Pediatric primary care clinicians should set aside time each visit to discuss obesity prevention with parents and the importance of establishing healthy lifestyle habits at a young age.
Is there any indication that taking too much fish oil — particularly green-lipped mussel oil — can cause stomach problems in a person with a history of gastroesophageal reflux disease?
Can substituting dietary corn oil with sesame oil reduce blood pressure?
Advise patients with dietary restrictions to manage their daily allowance like a checkbook.
What is the best choice for cardioprotection in a woman aged 75 years with episodic symptomatic angina, MI one year earlier and a sensitivity to nitroglycerin patches and spray?
Patients on dialysis much watch their potassium intake from vegetables like potatoes. Offer this cooking tip.
Are you doing everything you can to help your patients lose weight? Read this physician assistants' creative tip for helping patients kick those stubborn pounds to the curb.
Drinking coffee has shown to be protective against Parkinson disease, Alzheimer disease and certain forms of cancer.
What is the treatment goal for B12 in a patient with diabetic neuropathy, given the wide range of normal (200-950 pg/mL)?
Is there any reason an adult with gallstones should not take fish-oil supplements?
What are the consequences of elevated homocysteine in young asymptomatic patients with and without comorbidities?
Brewer's yeast: Medical uses in cancer, therapy for premenstrual syndrome and antibiotic-associated diarrhea
Brewer's yeast, or Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is specifically grown as a nutritional substance rich in chromium, selenium, proteins and B-complex vitamins.
A clinician notices that many of her patients with low vitamin B12 levels also have irritable bowel syndrome.
Are there any common nutritional deficiencies associated with osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and gout?
How much B12 supplement is adequate for patients on metformin?
The latest evidence-based dietary recommendations from the American Diabetes Association focus on disease prevention and treatment.
Evidence-based recommendations pay particular attention to ethnic minority and socioeconomically disadvantaged populations.
The acetylcholinesterase inhibitors have produced excellent results in patients with Alzheimer's disease or dementia, but are they also beneficial for students preparing for exams?
Postpartum depression occurs in 8%-20% of all new mothers. If a woman with no history of depression develops postpartum depression, is there a greater likelihood of developing recurrent mood disorders later?
A woman with primary amenorrhea attributable to prepubertal anorexia nervosa has restored her weight at age 23 years. What is the likelihood of her developing pubertal changes?
The patient's family practitioner advised a multivitamin with iron, but she did not comply.
Be sure to consult guidelines from the National Osteoporosis Foundation for advice on optimizing calcium and vitamin D intake and reducing fall risk.
With fortified formula being shunned in favor of breastfeeding, rickets is making a comeback. Supplementation is the surest means of prevention.
Health care practitioners may need to navigate language barriers, cultural differences and health-literacy challenges to effectively educate patients with diabetes.
B12 levels rose sharply in a previously deficient elderly patient. Is this cause for concern?
Does research support the addition of coenzyme Q10 for those on lipid-lowering medication?
What is the best way to tactfully discuss a child's excess weight with his or her parent?
The human body requires L-carnitine for fat metabolism. This amino acid is manufactured in the liver and kidneys and stored in the muscles, heart, brain, and sperm.
Trial results poured cold water on claims that omega-3s prevent heart attacks. What does the future hold for these popular supplements?
Selenium is a stable trace-metal element that is found in such cruciferous foods as broccoli, garlic, and onions, as well as in meats, seafood, and nuts. In the human body, selenium is essential for protein synthesis and multiple enzymatic functions.
Would stopping the diuretic be the first choice before instituting preventive therapy?
Is there a source of calcium that is lead-free?
Prescribe at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity or 90 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic exercises per week, plus some weight training.
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a precursor of testosterone and estrogen, is purported to enhance muscle building, increase vitality, and improve sexual function.
This amino acid is mainly taken for its vasodilatory effects, but serious safety issues limit its use.
How reliable are antigliadin serology tests?
Soy products have been the subject of a great deal of medical research, most notably in the areas of cardiovascular health, endocrinology, and oncology.
Exercise and psychotherapy are effective in preventing relapse and recurrence of depression.
When treating obesity, psychological issues must not be overlooked. Learning why patients eat can help clinicians improve what patients eat.
Once known primarily for maintaining bone strength, vitamin D is now thought to contribute to prevention of colon, prostate, and breast cancers.
The juice of the pomegranate provides abundant antioxidants and has potential as an anticarcinogenic and anti-inflammatory.
The American Heart Association guidelines are based on important dietary strategies that have emerged in the past decade.
In the future, more and more children with cardiac risk factors, such as obesity and diabetes, will be treated in the primary-care setting.